- Stratocumulus Castellanus
- Stratocumulus Cumulogenitus
- Stratocumulus Duplicatus
- Stratocumulus Lacunosus
- Stratocumulus Lenticularis
- Stratocumulus Mamma
- Stratocumulus Opacus
- Stratocumulus Perlucidus
- Stratocumulus Praecipitatio
- Stratocumulus Radiatus
- Stratocumulus Stratiformis
- Stratocumulus Translucidus
- Stratocumulus Undulatus
- Stratocumulus Virga
Stratocumulus mamma is generally a stratocumulus cloud with a kind of protuberance hanging below it in a pouch-like way. This pouch-like sac is called the mamma. It may resemble melon shapes or cow udders as more people tend to think of them. The mammatus clouds are not restricted to associations with stratocumulus, they are also found in the following cloud formations:
- anvil cloud
- cirrus clouds
- volcanic ash clouds
What height are stratocumulus mamma clouds found?
The mamma clouds are structures that are attached to other cloud formations, This means they can form at any one of the low, middle or high level cloud bases. In actuality this can be more than 6,000 meters up in the sky. They are more usually attached to anvil clouds, which are indicative of a storm brewing. As you would expect at the highest cloud level, the formations contain ice mostly and they turn more to liquid the lower to earth the cloud base is. So if you find them attached to cumulonimbus clouds, which would be quite a rare sight, they would hold water droplets.
Classification of stratocumulus mamma clouds
Stratocumulus mamma clouds are not subdivided into other types of cloud formations and are an element in their own right. They are rare to see but are quite distinctive with the pendulous-looking structures attached to other cloud formation types.
How are stratocumulus mamma clouds formed?
There are a lot of theories about how stratocumulus mamma clouds are formed and there is no one definitive answer the experts can agree on. The theories are as follows:
- A differential in the air temperature causing convection
- Hydrometeor introduction
- Destabilizing of cloud due to introduction of cloudy air
- Radiation or instability of cloud
- Gravity wave patterns
Experts are unable to agree on the correct way the clouds are formed. Indeed, it may be due to a variety of different ways and it may depend on location too. What is clear is that there still needs to be a lot of research undertaken to increase knowledge on the subject.
What do stratocumulus mamma clouds look like?
The mamma attached to the stratocumulus clouds can be composed of ice particles, although they can be a combination of ice and water or just water. The mamma structure pouches or sacs are derived from the Latin word for udders and it is clear why when you see their structure. They hang or drop from other cloud structures and form a kind of sac beneath them.
How common are stratocumulus mamma clouds?
Stratocumulus mamma clouds can be found just about anywhere, although they are not as common as many other types of cloud formations.
Where can I see stratocumulus mamma clouds?
You can find these types of clouds anywhere in the world, although to be fair you will probably see other types of clouds first. They can be quite striking and dramatic and often can be seen attached to clouds following a storm or heralding a storm.